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The Wilderness Survivor, Issue #021 - Hypothermia first aid
February 12, 2006
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Thank you so much for reading, participating in, and contributing to the Wilderness Survival Skills website and this newsletter. Thanks for all your encouragement and ideas.


Best Regards Erik C. Falk
Editor - The Wilderness Survivor



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Table of contents


- Editor's Notes
- Have you heard about RSS feed?
- Hypothermia first aid
- Content has been updated



Editor's Notes

Hello ,

Hope all is well with you and you are ready for the Wilderness Survivor.

Its still winter and cold... at least for most of us living in the northern hemisphere. I have got a lot of question the last couple of weeks about winter camping and how to protect yourself against the cold. In the wilderness hypothermia is one of your main enemies, so knowing how to prevent hypothermia is an important wilderness survival skill.

Enjoy your reading!

Have a safe and fun wilderness trip - Respect and protect the wilderness !



Have you heard about RSS feed?

Then you probably know that for you it could mean Real Simple Subscribing RSS !

RSS is a real simple way for you to subscribe and read the content published at the Wilderness Survival Skills and other of your favorite web sites. "Fast and easy"! No need to click "Get Mail."

It give you as a user total control. Dont want the subscription anymore? You delete it in a second. Total control includes total anonymity, no worries about giving out your e-mail address.

If you have not used RSS yet, you are in for a pleasant surprise...


RSS reader

First you need an RSS reader ! There is two different types of RSS reader. You can use a special software that reads the RSS feeds or a web based RSS reader. There is free version of both alternatives.

Do you want a free RSS reader?

How it works

For each new addition to the wilderness-survival-skills.com web site you receive the updates immediately through your RSS reader. You will see the headline, a short description and a link for you to click, IF you want to read the whole page.

You will see the content without needing to visit the site. That allows you to scan efficiently. Because I guess you will subscribe to more RSS feed then from the wilderness-survival-skills.com web site.

Why do you need an RSS reader? Because each RSS feed is in a non-HTML format called XML. RSS readers can interpret and display that coding, but Web browsers can't. Soon, RSS/XML readers will be part of every browser and e-mail software. But for now, you need a separate reader.


Lets get started!

Visit the Wilderness Survival Skills web site and look for the little orange XML/RSS button!




Hypothermia first aid



What is hypothermia


Hypothermia is defined as a body core temperature less than than 95F (35C). Decreased consciousness occurs when the core temperature falls below 92F (32C). Hypothermia can most definitely be fatal if untreated. Hypothermia is the number one killer of outdoor and wilderness adventurers.


Causes of hypothermia

Hypothermia happens when the body rapidly loss heat caused by fatigue, cold, wetness or exposure to wind. Each of these causes of body heat loss can play a large or small role in the development of hypothermia. For example even if you are dry the wind can penetrate your clothes and remove the insulating layer of warm air that surrounds your body.


Be aware of the symptoms of hypothermia

Early warning symptoms include intense shivering, fumbling hands and poor coordination. Shivering is the body's attempt to generate heat.

Later symptoms include slurred speech, mental confusion and unconsciousness. Often victims do not recognize the symptoms and fully understand the dangerous situation they face. The victim needs warmth immediately and protection from further body heat loss. Hypothermia is a medical emergency that requires immediate attention.


How to prevent hypothermia

In a wilderness survival situation the first thing to do is prevent further heat loss. Prevention is the best method to fight hypothermia.


1. Get out of the wind, snow or rain. Seek and build shelter.


2. Clothing which has become wet from sweating, rain or snow is the primary cause of air related hypothermia. If wet get into dry clothes and a warm dry sleeping bag. Since 50% of your body's heat loss is from your head, keep your head as dry and warm as possible.


3. Create body heat.

Drink something warm like hot water, chocolate or soup to warm you up - no coffee or tea and never alcohol. If you have something to eat, eat it. Nibble energy snack food.

Do some isometric exercises to stir up body's circulation system. Warm hands and feet of injured person or companions.

Build a fire.


How to treat hypothermia

Treatment of hypothermia should be approached with knowledge and care. Learn more!



Content has been updated

New more good content have been added or updated to the Wilderness Survival Skills website the last month. Check the Wilderness Survival Blog




He who enjoys doing and enjoys what he has done is happy.
- Johann Wolfgang von Goethe



Contact me

Any feedback ? Let me have it, right between the eyes ! I'd love to hear from you. Just reply to this e-zine and tell me what you think.

Do you want to contribute and include your own article in this e-zine ? Please, contact me .


Written by Erik C. Falk


(c) copyright 2005 Wilderness-Survival-Skills.com


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