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The Wilderness Survivor, Issue #006 - Natural shelter
October 01, 2004
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Table of contents

- Editor's Notes
- Natural shelter
- Content has been updated
- Snow igloo

Editor's Notes

Hello ,

I hope all is going well with you. Please, take a couple of minutes and read this issue of the Wilderness Survivor and learn more about how to – find and build natural shelter

If you ever find yourself in a wilderness emergency situation it's important you know how to find and build shelter. The better you build your shelter, the more comfortable you will be, and the more rest you will be able to get.

Enjoy your reading!

Have a safe and fun wilderness trip - Respect and protect the wilderness !

Don't forget that wilderness survival skills and learning is a powerful and exhilarating experience.

Get your copies of the The Survival Guides

Your next wilderness adventure travel will give you even more enjoyment because of your greater knowledge.

Natural shelter

If you are the unequipped victim of an accident, are trapped by unexpected mist or rough weather conditions where it’s not safe to proceed, or if exhaustion or injury prevents you going further, you may have to make do with any natural shelter that you can find. Getting out of the wind, rain, sun and being able to rest and sleep, are vital for survival.

Natural cover

Where no materials or tools are available for constructing a shelter, make use of natural cover:

- Branches that sweep down to the ground or partly broken boughs can provide shelter.

- A log makes a useful wind break it it’s at the right angle to the wind. If possible, use a small trunk and dig out a hollow in the ground on the leeward side.

- Any natural hollows will provide protection from the wind. In completely open plains, sit with your back to the wind and pile any stuff behind you as a windbreak.

- Even in an arctic climate you can make use of natural cover. A medium-sized tree may have pockets in the snow beneath a branch. Try digging under any tree with spreading branches in the lee side.

For all type of shelters drainage and ventilation is important.

Building shelters made of natural materials

If building a shelter is possible. A lean-to shelter is probably the easiest and quickest type of shelter to build and it’s suitable for most terrain. Always build this type of shelter with its back to the prevailing wind.

Place two Y-shaped sticks in the ground about 30 cm (1 foot) down, so they stand about 1 meter (3 feet) high. Take a long branch about two 2 meter (6 feet), as a ridge pole. Lay the ridge pole between the two forks. Now fill in the roof area with other straight sticks tied at the top and buried in the ground. You now have the skeleton of the shelter. Finally, you must cover the skeleton with whatever material is available - for example grass, bracken and large leaves. Always start at the bottom of the shelter and work upwards when thatching, so that if it rains the water will run over the joints and will not leak through on to you.

Remember: When making a shelter, try to make life as easy as possible by using any standing or fallen timber, or a wall, as one side of the shelter.

Content has been updated

New more good content have been added to the Wilderness Survival Skills website.

One of the best outdoor survival shelter is called the “debris hut". When shelter is essential to survival, if possible, build this shelter .

Snow igloo

In an arctic environment the ability to build shelters is of highest priority, since the wind can drastically decrease the air temperature. The traditional Eskimo home, the snow igloo, is constructed of blocks of snow. Why not spend a couple of minutes and learn the basic of how to build a snow igloo .

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Written by Erik C. Falk


(c) copyright 2004

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