Wilderness survival knife
A wilderness survival knife is an invaluable asset in the wilderness. You always need a knife, not only in a wilderness emergency situation.
Fixed blade knives
Your knife should be a strong fixed blade knife that will complete all likely tasks efficiently. It can be used for cutting, chopping, carving, and skinning. A strong knife is essential. Remember your knife is your most important wilderness tool, so choose a high quality one.
Your knife must have a full tang. The tang is the portion of the blade that extends into the handle for maximum strength. If the handle breaks, the tang can be wrapped with cloth, a strap or whatever and still used.
First, do not get a hollow handle on a knife, in time it will break. That's also the reason you should avoid a knife with a compass in the handle, you need a solid handle. Your knife's handle should be contoured to fit your hand and have a grooved surface. A smooth handle is slippery when wet, making the knife hard to get a grip on and dangerous. A finger-guard that extends beyond the blade in either direction will prevent the hand from sliding over the blade if a slip should occur.
Traditionally, there are two basic types of knife blade materials; carbon steel and stainless steel. There are also different carbon steel types. Typically, you will see carbon steel, high carbon steel and very high carbon steel. The more content of carbon, the harder is the metal blade. You can also find high-carbon stainless steel blades.
When choosing your knife, the biggest question is often whether to get a stainless steel or carbon steel knife. Both blade materials have their advantages and disadvantages, and different prices. What wilderness survival knife you choose, depends on what knife characteristics you need and appreciate.
Harder blade material will hold an edge longer, but will be more brittle and harder to sharpen. A carbon steel blade is relatively soft and will get dulled fairly easily. However, the edge of a carbon steel knife can easily be made razor sharp. As a general rule of thumb, high carbon steel is harder than stainless steel.
A stainless steel knife tends to be more expensive than a high carbon knife. However, it is important to know that even a stainless steel knife, or "rust proof" knife, may eventually get rust spots and corrosion.
Folding pocket knife
A good complement to your strong fixed blade knife is a multi-tool folding pocket knife.
I recommend you to get one.
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